Toshiko Takenaka

Photo of Toshiko  Takenaka
Washington Research Foundation/W. Hunter Simpson Professor of Technology Law
Director, CASRIP
Professor of Law

Phone: (206) 685-2996
Email:

Curriculum Vitae |


Representative Publications

Books or Treatises

Chiteki zaisanhô no kokusaiteki kôsaku [The International Blend of Intellectual Property Law] (Takabayashi Ryû, Mimura Ryôichi, Takenaka Toshiko, Imamura Tetsuya, Shimanami Ryô & Yokoyama Hisayoshi eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2012). 571 pages.

Chiteki zaisan hôgaku no rekishiteki chôkan [An Historical Birds-Eye View of the Study of Intellectual Property Law] (Takabayashi Ryû, Mimura Ryôichi & Takenaka Toshiko eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2012). 378 pages.

Intellectual Property in Common Law and Civil Law (Toshiko Takenaka ed., Edward Elgar 2013). 454 pages.

Chiteki zaisanhô no Rironteki Tankyu [ In Depth Analysis of Intellectual Property Law] (Ryu Takabayashi, Toshiko Takenaka & Ryoichi Mimura eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2012). 462 pages.

Chiteki zaisanhô no kokusaiteki kôsaku [ International Perspective of Intellectual Property Law] (Ryu Takabayashi, Toshiko Takenaka & Ryoichi Mimura eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2012). 571 pages.

Chiteki zaisanhôgaku no rekishiteki chôkan [ Historical Perspective of Study of Intellectual Property] (Ryu Takabayashi, Toshiko Takenaka & Ryoichi Mimura eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2012). 378 pages.

Chiteki zaisanhô no jitsumuteki hatten [ Developments in the Practice of Intellectual Property Law] (Ryu Takabayashi, Toshiko Takenaka & Ryoichi Mimura eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2012). 426 pages

Nenpô chiteki zaisanhô, 2011. Denshi shuppan o meguru chosakukenhô jô no kadai [Intellectual Property Law Annual, 2011. Copyright Law and Electronic Publishing] (Ryu Takabayashi, Ryoichi Mimura & Toshiko Takenaka eds., Nihon Hyôronsha, 2011). 255 pages.

Martin J. Adelman, Shubha Ghosh, Amy Landers & Toshiko Takenaka, Global Issues in Patent Law (West 2011) (American Casebook Series). 340 pages.

Patent Law and Theory: A Handbook of Contemporary Research (Toshiko Takenaka ed., Edward Elgar Publishing 2008). 790 pages.

Janice M. Mueller, The Tiger Awakens: The Tumultuous Transformation of India's Patent System and the Rise of Indian Pharmaceutical Innovation (Toshiko Takenaka ed., Intellectual Property Division, Tokyo Medical and Dental University 2008). 291 pages.

Toshiko Takenaka & Kazunori Yamagami, Legal Consulation of International Intellectual Property Disputes Resolution (2006).

Toshiko Takenaka, Ryu Takabayashi & Tatsunori Shibuya, Recent Intellectual Property Legislative and Case Law Developments in the United States and Europe, 2006 I.P. Annual Report, Bessatsu NBL NO. 106 (2006).

Chiteki zaisan hôgaku no rekishiteki chôkan [An Historical Birds-Eye View of the Study of Intellectual Property Law] (Takabayashi Ryû, Mimura Ryôichi & Takenaka Toshiko eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2012). 378 pages.

Donald S. Chisum, Elements of United States Patent Law (Toshiko Takenaka trans. 2000).

Paterson, Elements of European Patent System, (Toshiko Takenaka trans. 1995).

Toshiko Takenaka, Interpreting Patent Claims: The United States, Germany and Japan, 17 IIC Studies (1995).

Peer Reviewed Journals & Law Reviews

Toshiko Takenaka, Serious Flaw of Employee Invention Ownership under the Bayh-Dole Act in Stanford v. Roche: Finding the Missing Piece of the Puzzle in the German Employee Invention Act, 20 Tex. Intell. Prop. L.J. 281-326 (2012).

Toshiko Takenaka, Chief Judge Rader's Contributions to Comparative Patent Law, 7 Wash. J.L. Tech. & Arts 379-404 (2012).

Toshiko Takenaka, Has the United States Adopted a First-to-File System Through America Invents Act?: A Comparative Law Analysis of Patent Priority under First-Inventor-to-File, 2012 Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil [GBUR Int] 304-12

Toshiko Takenaka, Beikoku wa hontô ni Amerika Hatsumeihô de sengan shugi ni ikôshita no ka : Sen hatsumeisha shutsugan seido (First-Inventor-to-File System) no hikakuhôteki bunseki [Is the United States Really Moving Toward a First to File System under American Invention Law?: A Comparative Law Analysis of the First to File System], 54 Law & Tech. 29-43 (2012).

Toshiko Takenaka, Harmony with the Rest of the World? The America Invents Act, 7 J. Intell. Prop. L. & Prac. 4-7 (2012).

Jan B. Krauss & Toshiko Takenaka, A Special Rule for Compound Protection for DNA-SequencesImpact of the ECJ "Monsanto" Decision on Patent Practice, 93 J. Pat. & Trademark Off. Soc'y 189-206 (2011).

Kokusai chiteki zaisan shinpojiumu: Ôshû shuyô shokoku ni okeru chitekizaisan enfôsumento: sono genjô to shôraiteki tenbô [International Intellectual Property Symposium: EU IP Enforcement: Present and Future], Kigyô to hô sôzô [Q. Rev. Corp. L.], March 2010, at 5-55, translated in Kigyô to hô sôzô [Q. Rev. Corp. L.], March 2010, at 227-81 (Toshiko Takenaka participant).

Toshiko Takenaka, Should "Essential Elements of Invention" be a Standard in Determining Infringement, Inventorship and Patentability?: From the Perspective of U.S. Patent Law, 32 Ann. Indus. Prop. L. 143 (May 2009)

Toshiko Takenaka, Success or Failure?: Japan's National Strategy on Intellectual Property and Evaluation of Its Impact from the Comparative Law Perspective, 8 Wash. U. Global Stud. L. Rev. 379-98 (2009).

Toshiko Takenaka, Japan's National IP Strategy and IP Enforcement Revisions: Improvements in Evidence Taking and Damages, 5 Q. Rev. Corp. L. & Soc. 275-93 (2009).

Toshiko Takenaka, Nonobviousness Standard under Fire: Flexible Applicaiton of TSM Test My Result in Validity Challenges Against Many US Patents, J of IP Law and Practice (2007).

Toshiko Takenaka, Claim Construction and the Extent of Patent Protection: A Comparative Analysis of the Phillips En Banc Federal Circuit Decision, 1 J. Intell. Prop. L. & Prac. 119-130 (2006).

Toshiko Takenaka, Recent Intellectual Property Legislative and Case Law Developments in the United States and Europe, 2005 I.P. Ann. Rep. Bessatsu N.B.L. 171 (2005).

Toshiko Takenaka, 2005 I.P. Ann. Rep. Bessatsu N.B.L. 171 (Toshiko Takenaka co-ed. 2005).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Basis for Patent Infringement Damages in U.S. Case Law and Interpretation of Section 102 in the 1999 Amendment Japan Patent Law: A Comparative Law Perspective, 49 AIPPI 2 (2004).

Toshiko Takenaka, Intellectual Property Education at U.S. Universities and Proposal for Japan, 53 Chizai Kanri 719 (2003) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, Patent Harmonization and Role of Japan Patent Office, 228 Tokugikon 53 (2003) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Best Patent Practice or Mere Compromise? A Review of the Current Draft of the Substantive Patent law Treaty and a Proposal for a "First-to-Invent" Exception for Domestic Applicants, 11 Texas Intellectual Property Law Journal 259-350 (2003).

Toshiko Takenaka, Review of Current Draft Substantive Patent Law Treaty: The United States Patent Law Perspective, 47 AIPPI 2 (2002) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, Rethinking the United States First-to-Invent Principle from a Comparative Law Perspective: A Proposal to Restructure § 102 Novelty and Priority Provisions, 39 Hous. L. Rev. 621-65 (2002).

Toshiko Takenaka, What Japan should learn from US Experiences: Tests of Equivalence, Means-Plus-Function Claims and Product-By-Process Claims, 9 CASRIP Newsl. 7 (Winter 2002).

Toshiko Takenaka, Festo Federal Circuit En Banc Decision and Its Impact on Future Case Development on the Doctrine of Equivalents: A Drastic Change in U.S. Pro-Patent Policy? 45 Chizaiken Forum 48 (2001) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, Comments on Academic Presentation in International and Comparative Law Perspective, 7 Mich. Tel. Comm. Tech. L. Rev. 423 (2001).

Rader, A Brief History of Functional Claiming in the United States, in Publication Celebrating the Tenth Anniversary of Institute of Intellectual Property, Future of Intellectual Property in the Twenty First Century, 459 (Toshiko Takenaka trans. 2000).

Toshiko Takenaka, Patent Infringement Damages in Japan and the United States: Will Increased Patent Infringement Damage Awards Revive the Japanese Economy?, 2 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 309-70 (2000).

Toshiko Takenaka, Semiconductor Technology and Patents in View of Federal Circuit Decisions, 52 Patent 43 (1999) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, "First-to-File" Principle under the U.S. Patent System, 1998 Patent Studies (No. 26), 11 (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, Harmonizing the Japanese patent System with its U.S. Counterpart Through Judge-Made Law: Interaction between Japanese and U.S. Case Law Developments, Intellectual Property: Japan and Asia, 7 Pac Rim L. & Pol'y J. 249 (1998).

Donald S. Chisum, The Scope of Protection for Patents after the Supreme Court's Warner-Jenkinson Decision: Balancing Fairness and Certainty, Recent Legal Issues in Intellectual Property 135 (Festschrift for Prof. Monya's 60th Birthday) (Toshiko Takenaka trans. 1998).

Heath, Utility Models in East and West, Recent Legal Issues in Intellectual Property 205 (Festschrift for Prof. Monya's 60th Birthday) (Toshiko Takenaka trans. 1997).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Recent Development of American Patent Claim Interpretation III, 30 Chizaiken Forum 12 (1997) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, Does a Cultural Barrier to Intellectual Property Trade Exist? The Japanese Example, 29 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 153-76 (1996).

Toshiko Takenaka, Doctrine of Equivalents After Hilton Davis: A Comparative Law Analysis, 22 Rutgers Comp. & Tech. J. 479 (1996).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Role of The Japanese Patent System in Japanese Industry, 13 UCLA Pac Basin L. J. 25 (1995).

Toshiko Takenaka, Ball Spline Bearing, 26 IIC 683 (1995).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Recent Development of American Patent Claim Interpretation II, 23 Chizaiken Forum 2 (1995) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Recent Development of American Patent Claim Interpretation I, 17 Chizaiken Forum 2 (1994) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, A Proposal for Japanese Doctrine of Equivalents Through a Comparative Study of Equivalency Test Used in the United States and Germany, 38 AIPPI 538 (1993) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, AIPPI Case Reporter, Patent Claim Interpretation, 18 AIPPI, Int'l Ed., 154 (1993).

Toshiko Takenaka, Extending the New Patent Misuse Limitation to Copyright: Lasercomb America, Inc. v. Reynolds, 5 Software L. J. 739 (1992).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Substantial Identity Rule under the Japanese Novelty Standard, 9 UCLA Pac..Basin L. J. 220 (1991).

Toshiko Takenaka, Custom-made ICs and Constructive Infringement, 42 Patent, (No. 11) 33 (1989) (Japanese).

Book Chapters

Toshiko Takenaka & Yves Reboul, Shokumu hatsumei seido no hikakuhôteki kôsatsu [Comparative Law Considerations Concerning the Employee Inventions System], in Chiteki zaisanhô no kokusaiteki kôsaku [The International Blend of Intellectual Property Law] 331-69 (Nihon Hyôronsha, 2012).

Toshiko Takenaka, First-Inventor-to-File under the America Invents Act: A View of First-to-File Lawyer and a View of First-to-Invent Lawyer, in Intellectual Property in Common Law and Civil Law 50-74 (Toshiko Takenaka ed., Edward Elgar 2013).

Toshiko Takenaka & Yves Reboul, Employee Invention System: Comparative Law Perspective, in Intellectual Property in Common Law and Civil Law 365-400 (Toshiko Takenaka ed., Edward Elgar 2013).

Jan Krauss & Toshiko Takenaka, Construction of Efficient and Balanced Patent System: Patentability and Patent Scope of Isolated DNA Sequences under U.S. Patent Act and EU Biotech Directive, in Constructing European Intellectual Property: Achievements and New Perspectives (Christophe Geiger ed., Edward Elgar 2013).

Toshiko Takenaka, Exercise of Patent Rights Under Japanese Anti-Monopoly Prevention Law: A Comparative Law Perspective, in Competition Law and Intellectual Property. The European Perspective 285-91(Gabriella Muscolo, Giandonato Caggiano & Marina Tavassi eds., Wolters Kluwer 2012).

Toshiko Takenaka, Beikoku ni okeru chizai no ugoki [Intellectual Property Developments in the United States], in Nenpô chiteki zaisanhô, 2011. Denshi shuppan o meguru chosakukenhô jô no kadai [Intellectual Property Law Annual, 2011. Copyright Law and Electronic Publishing] 128-45 (Ryu Takabayashi, Ryoichi Mimura & Toshiko Takenaka eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2011).

Toshiko Takenaka et al., [Zadankai] Chiteki zaisanhô no konnichiteki ronten o megutte [Concerning Current Theoretical Issues of Intellectual Property], in Nenpô chiteki zaisanhô, 2011. Denshi shuppan o meguru chosakukenhô jô no kadai [Intellectual Property Law Annual, 2011. Copyright Law and Electronic Publishing] 1-22 (Ryu Takabayashi, Ryoichi Mimura & Toshiko Takenaka eds., Nihon Hyôronsha 2011).

Toshiko Takenaka, Merging Civil and Common Law Traditions in Patent Validity Challenge System: Japanese Experiences, in Nourriture de l'esprit: Festchrift für Dieter Strauder zum 70. Geburtstag 271-92 (Horst-Peter Götting & Claudia Schlüter eds. Nomos 2011).

Toshiko Takenaka, Chosakukenhô oyobi sono ta no chiteki zaisanhô ni okeru purodakuto dezain no hogo [Product Design Protection under Copyright Law and Other Intellectual Property Laws], in Chosakuken shingai o meguru kikkin no kentô kadai [An Urgent Agenda Regarding Copyright Infringement] 111-50 (Seibundô 2011).

Toshiko Takenaka, Amerika-hô ni okeru chiteki zaisanken shingai ni taisuru songai baishô [Compensation for Damages for Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights in American Law], in Chiteki zaisanken shingai to songai baishô [Compensation for Damages and the Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights] 179-213 (Seibundô 2011).

Toshiko Takenaka, Tokkyo yûkôsei funsô shori seido saikô: Nichi-Bei hikakuhô no kanten kara [Re-thinking the Management of Disputes about Patent Validity: Viewed from a Japan/U.S. Comparative Law Perspective], in Chiteki zaisanhô no atarashii nagare : Katayama Eiji sensei kanreki kinen ronbunshu [New Trends in Intellectual Property Law: Celebratory Volume in Honor of Prof. Eiji Katayama] 371-94 (Seirin Shoin 2010).

Toshiko Takenaka, Beikoku ni okeru chizai no ugoki [Recent Developments in American Intellectual Property], in Chizai nenpô [I.P. Annual Report 2010] 111-34 (Bessastu NBL no. 136) (Shibuya Tatsuki, Toshiko Takenaka & Takabayashi Ryû eds., Shôji Hômu 2010).

Toshiko Takenaka & Mon'ya Nobuo, Sofutouea hogo hosei no Nichi-Bei hikaku [Comparing the Legal Systems for Software Protection in Japan and the United States], in Chosakuken bijinesu no riron to jissen : Waseda Daigaku Rô Sukûru chosakukenhô tokushu kôgi [Theory and Practice of Copyright Business] 255-94 (Seibundô 2010).

Toshiko Takenaka, Harmonizing Patent Infringement Damages: A Lesson from Japanese Experiences,Wolrad, in Patents and Technological Progress in a Global World 463-80 (Wolrad Prinz zu Waldeck und Pyrmont et al. eds., 2009)

Toshiko Takenaka, Significance of KSR v. Teleflex in Historical Development of Nonobviousness Standard Under US Patent Law, 58 Chizai Kanri 5-20 (2008).

Toshiko Takenaka, Tokkyoken shingai ni yoru songai no tekiseina tenpo [Appropriate Compensation for Damages from Violation of Patent Rights], in Chiteki zaisan hôsei no saikôchiku [Reconstructing the Intellectual Property Legal System] 64-91 (Takabayashi Ryu ed., Nihon Hyôronsha 2008). (Waseda COE Book Series on Changes in Scoeity and Creation of Legal Systems 64)

Toshiko Takenaka, "Comparative Analysis of Federal Circuit Phillips en banc Decision: Claim Construction and the Extent of Patent Protection in United States, United Kingdom, Japan and Republic of Korea," in Korean Industrial Property Office 30th Anniversary Publication, 463 (2007).

Toshiko Takenaka, "Recent Intellectual Property Legislative and Case Law Developments in the United States and Europe", in 2006 I.P. Annual Report, Bessatsu NBL No. 106, 135 (2006).

Toshiko Takenaka, "Comparative Study of Legal Issues in Repair of Patented Products: The Scope of Exhaustion Doctrine under Japanese and US Patent Laws," in Recent Developments of the Academic Disputes on the Intellectual Property Laws and the Competition Law: Festschrift for Prof. Nobuo Monya, 379 (2006).

Toshiko Takenaka, Seven chapters including "First-To-Invent System from the Comparative Law Perspective," in Legal Consulation of International Intellectual Property Dispute Resolution (2006).

Toshiko Takenaka, "A Person of Ordinary Skill in the Art and the Extent of Patent Protection," in Festschrift for Jochen Pagenberg," 81 (2006).

Toshiko Takenaka, Comparative Study of Grace Period under First-To-File System and First-To-Invent System and Review of Provision For Exception To Lack of Novelty Under Japanese Patent Law Article 30, Festschrift for celebrating Prof. Nobuhiro Nakayama's sixtiethbirthday (2005).

Toshiko Takenaka, Scope of Claims Including Numerical Limitations: Comparative Study of Claim Interpretation, the Doctrine of Equivalents and Prosecution History Estoppel, Jap. Patent Att'ys Assn. ed., Claim Construction (2005).

Toshiko Takenaka, "Clinical Education at Japanese Law Schools: Suggestions from U.S. Experiences," in Law School and Legal Clinics (Miyazawa ed. 2003).

Toshiko Takenaka, Tokkyo shingai jiken ni okeru mukô shuchô no toriatsukai [Handling Claims of Patent Invalidity in Patent Infringement Proceedings (in the United States)], in Tokkyo no yûkôsei to shingai soshô [Patent Validity and Patent Infringement Litigation] 251 (Naoki Koizumi & Chiteki Zaisan Kenkyûjo [Institute of Intellectual Property] eds, 2001).

Toshiko Takenaka, Calculation of Patent Infringement Damages: Comparative Study (in Japanese) in Recent Legal Issues in Intellectual Propert, Festschrift for Prof. Monya's 60th Birthday 103 (1998) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, Dependent Invention and Protection Scope of Patents (in Japanese and German)in Theories of Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 123 (Festschrift for Prof. Beier's 70th Birthday, 1996) (Japanese).

Toshiko Takenaka, Patent Claim Interpretation and Prior Art, in Issues Concerning Intellectual Property Rights, 665 (Festschrift for Judge Takura's 70th Birthday 1996) (Japanese).

Professional Publications

Toshiko Takenaka, Supreme Court Disagrees with Federal Circuit in Two Controversial Patent Cases: KSR Inc. v. Teleflex and Microsoft Corp. v. AT&T Corp., CASRIP Newsletter Vol. 14, Issue 2 (Summer 2007).

Toshiko Takenaka, High Hurdle for US Courts to Hear Foreign Infringement Claims, CASRIP Newsletter, Vol. 14, Issue 2 (Summer 2007).

Toshiko Takenaka, Federal Circuit Judges Split Their Views on Obvious-To-Try in Nonobviousness of Chemical Compound, CASRIP Newsletter, Vol. 14, Issue 3 (Summer 2007).

Toshiko Takenaka, IP Boom or IP Bashing?: Current Trends in IP Legislation and Case Law, Japan Spotlight 21 (November/December 2006).

Toshiko Takenaka, Protection Scope for Claims Including Numerical Limitations: Range of Equivalents and Prosecution History Estoppel, 11 CASRIP Newsletter 12 (2004).

Toshiko Takenaka, Comments on Patent Harmonization, Submitted to USPTO in response to issues posted in 66 Federal Register, 8 CASRIP Newsl.7 (Spring/Summer 2001).

Toshiko Takenaka, The Doctrine of Equivalents in Japan, 6 CASRIP Symp. Pub'n 125 (2001).

Toshiko Takenaka, Comparison of U.S. and Japanese Court Systems for Patent Litigation: A Special Court or Special Divisions in a General Court?, Streamlining International Intellectual Property, 5 CASRIP Symp. Pub'n 47 (2000).

Toshiko Takenaka, Patent Infringement Damages in Japan and the United States: The Japanese Patent Office's Challenge, Working Paper Published by Institute of Intellectual Property (March, 1999).

Toshiko Takenaka, An Additional Test for the Doctrine of Equivalents? A Comparative Perspective on International Visual Corp. v. Crown Metal Manufacturing, International Perspectives on the Legal Interpretation of Patent Claims, CASRIP Publication Series No. 1 (1995).

Book Reviews

Toshiko Takenaka, Patent Practice in Japan and Europe: Liber Amicorum for Guntram Rahn, 34 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 135-36 (2012) (book review).

Last updated 3/28/2014