J.D. Graduation Requirements
Limitations on Number of Non-Traditional Credits
Some of the courses are subject to certain limitations:
- Only 18 credits may be earned by a student for non-law course work or externships.
- Only 8 credits in the aggregate may be earned by a student for Law 600 C, D, E, and F (independent study, journal editing, moot court).
- Some courses in the Law School are offered on a Credit/No Credit basis. There is no maximum on non-graded course credits after the first year.
However, it should be noted that membership in the Order of the Coif, the national honor society for lawyers (top 10 percent), is not available
to persons who take more than 25 percent of their law school work on a non-graded basis.
Required First-Year Courses
[A] First Year Courses
New students enter only in the Autumn Quarter and must take the full-time load of required first-year courses. Because of the heavy course load, first-year students are strongly discouraged from attempting to work on even a part-time basis. The student's first-year requirements are as follows:
Required Upper Level Courses
[B] Second- and Third-Year Courses
To graduate, a student must complete the following requirements during their second and third years of law school:
J.D. Residence Requirement
To be eligible for the Juris Doctor degree, a student must complete at least eight quarters of study in residence. A quarter of residence credit is
given for each quarter during which a student successfully completes at least 12 credits of work. Two quarters, in each of which a student earns fewer
than 12 but no less than 7 credits, may be combined to produce a quarter of residence credit.
A full-time student in the Law School is one who is registered for a minimum of 12 credits per quarter. To complete the J.D. degree over three years,
however, a student must average 15 credits per quarter. No student may register for fewer than 12 or more than 18 credits per quarter without the approval
of the Associate Dean for Students & Academic Life or the Associate Dean for Academic Administration. Permission to register for more than 18 credits is
granted only to students whose records demonstrate the capacity to assume such a program of study successfully. Students may not enroll in more than 20
credits per quarter.
For students in concurrent degree programs, a full quarter of residence credit will be granted for a quarter in which a student successfully completes
a total of at least 12 credits of law courses and courses applied to the concurrent degree, regardless of whether the student will receive credit toward
the J.D. degree for the non-law courses. A partial quarter of residence credit will be granted if a student successfully completes a total of at least 7
credits of law and concurrent degree courses, and two partial quarters may be combined to produce a full quarter of residence credit.
J.D. Public Service Requirement
In order to receive a J.D. degree, a student must perform at least 60 hours of public service legal work.
The goals of the public service requirement are three: first, to educate students about the attorney’s ethical responsibility to provide pro bono legal assistance,
particularly to those who would not otherwise have access to the legal system; second, to foster in students a lifelong commitment to public service by providing the
opportunity and training vital to the development of such a commitment; and third, to develop students’ lawyering skills by providing them with work experience under
the supervision of an attorney.
Students can fulfill the public service requirement in any of the following ways:
- By satisfactorily completing a
law school clinic. There is no limit on the number of clinic credits a student can take, but the number of clinical positions available
each year is limited.
- By satisfactorily completing an
Externship for two or more credits. Students can undertake externships with government agencies, nonprofit organizations, legislative bodies,
judges, or private law firms on pro bono matters. Students cannot undertake externships with a private law firm or an agency on fee-generating matters.
Students can enroll in externships only after completing the first year of law school, and must work at least 30 hours over the course of a quarter for
Complete guidelines for identifying, registering, and completing public service externships are available in the
Center for Career and Leadership Development or on its Externships page.
J.D. Experiential Coursework Requirement
Beginning with the Class of 2016, J.D. students must complete at least 9 credits of experiential course(s) in their 2L and 3L years. An experiential course may be
a simulation course, a law clinic, or an externship. A multi-quarter clinic may count towards the Experiential Requirement in one or two quarters and the Public
Service Requirement in a third quarter. An externship in a For-Profit Small Firm (Law C530) may count towards the Experiential Requirement but it will not count
towards the Public Service Requirement.
The following courses satisfy the requirement:
Other courses may be added to the list by the faculty at a future date.
J.D. Advanced Writing Requirement
In order to receive a J.D. degree, a student must successfully complete an advanced writing project.
The purpose of this requirement is to ensure that each student has significant experience working on a project that develops skills in research, analysis and writing.
The project may take the form of scholarly works such as law review articles, or may consist of briefs, transactional documents, draft legislation, or other types of legal writing, so long as the writing is substantial and evidences a high level of research and analysis.
Faculty supervision and student revision of the written work is an essential component of the requirement and the student must have substantial meetings with the faculty member who serves as project advisor. The project typically should extend over two or more quarters but may, with the faculty member's approval, be completed in a single quarter.
If the project is performed by a group, each student must identify his or her portion of the work product for the purposes of evaluation by the faculty member.
A student may satisfy the Advanced Writing Requirement in any of the following ways providing always that the project meets the standards set out in the preceding paragraph:
- By satisfying the requirements of any seminar which carries at least 4 credits.
- By writing and revising a paper, brief or other writing in any course open to second-
or third-year students, including clinics and externships which carry at least 3 credits.
The paper, brief or other writing may be in addition to or in lieu of an examination as the instructor may require.
Advance consent of the instructor is required. Students should verify whether a paper is acceptable for credit in
any given course. In most cases the number of students who may write papers for course credit will be limited by
- By completion of 3 credits of LAW E 500 Independent Advanced Writing, an independent research project
under the supervision of a full-time faculty member.
- By completion of 1-2 credits of Law E 500 Independent Advanced Writing, when the work involves
revision of work begun in a class, externship, or moot court competition.
Students should satisfy the Advanced Writing Requirement by the end of the second-to-last quarter of enrollment before graduation, unless they
will satisfy it in a seminar or course that continues into the last quarter of enrollment.